October 2018 New Resources

2018 Oct new books

In October 2018, the Law Library added the following new resources to the collection to support the research and curricular needs of our faculty and students.

New Resources

U.S. Congressional Serial Set – The United States Congressional Serial Set, commonly referred to as the Serial Set, is considered the most essential publication for unveiling American history.  This ongoing project in HeinOnline will be released in phases and will soon contain complete coverage of the Serial Set.

New Books

CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE

  1. William R. Kelly with Robert Pitman, Confronting Underground Justice: Reinventing Plea Bargaining for Effective Criminal Justice Reform (2018).
  2. Paul Marcus, Melanie D. Wilson, and Jack B. Zimmermann, Criminal Procedure in Practice (2018).
  3. Michael D. Cicchini, Anatomy of a False Confession: The Interrogation and Conviction of Brendan Dassey (2018).

EMPLOYMENT PRACTICE

  1. Amy S. Wilson, ed., The Practitioner’s Guide to Defense of EPL Claims (2018).

IMMIGRATION LAW

  1. Charles M. Miller, Marcine A. Seid, and Daniel Brown, Immigration Compliance and Best Practices (2018).

JUDGES

  1. Richard E. Flamm, Judicial Disqualification: Recusal and Disqualification of Judges (2017).

JUVENILES

7. ABA Center on Children and the Law, Child Welfare Legal Representation: ABA Attorney Standards (2018).

LEGAL ANALYSIS AND WRITING

  1. Laurel Currie Oates and Anne Enquist, Just Memos: Preparing for Practice (2018).
  2. Richard K. Neumann, Jr., and J. Lyn Entrikin, Legal Drafting by Design: A Unified Approach (2018).

LEGAL EDUCATION

  1. Ira L. Shafiroff, First-Year Law School Success: The Ultimate and Essential Guide for Every 1L (2018).

LEGAL PROFESSION

  1. Kerry M. Lavelle, The Early-Career Guide for Attorneys: Starting and Building a Successful Career in Law (2018).
  2. Stewart Levine, The Best Lawyer You Can Be: A Guide to Physical, Mental, Emotional, and spiritual Wellness (2018).
  3. Terri Morrison, Kiss, Bow, or Shake Hands: Courtrooms to Corporate Counsels (2018).
  4. Anders Ericsson and Robert Pool, Peak: Secrets from the New Science of Expertise (2017).
  5. Robert N. Sayler and Molly Bishop Shadel, Tongue-Tied America: Reviving the Art of Verbal Persuasion (2019).
  6. Susan Smith Blakely, What Millennial Lawyers Want: A Bridge from the Past to the Future of Law Practice (2019).

RELIGION

  1. Mark Douglas McGarvie, Law and Religion in American History: Public Values and Private Conscience (2016).

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

  1. Siddhivinayak Kulkarni, ed., Machine Learning Algorithms for Problem Solving in Computational Applications: Intelligent Techniques (2012).

TORTS

  1. Mike Farris and Jennifer Pedroza, Fifty Shades of Black and White: Anatomy of the Lawsuit Behind a Publishing Phenomenon (2018).
  2. Robert L. Dunn, Recovery of Damages for Lost Profits (2005).

All resources are available from the Law Library.  If you would like to check out any of these titles, please visit the circulation desk.

All electronic databases are available through the Library’s webpage, http://www.depts.ttu.edu/law/lawlibrary/index.php.

 

August 2018 New Books

2018 Aug new books

In August 2018, the Law Library added the following new titles to the collection to support the research and curricular needs of our faculty and students:

ECONOMICS

  1. Laurence M. Ball, The Fed and Lehman Brothers: Setting the Record Straight on a Financial Disaster (2018).

FAMILY LAW

  1. Melissa A. Kucinski, A Practical Handbook for the Child’s Attorney: Effectively Representing Children in Custody Cases (2018).

HEALTH LAW AND POLICY

  1. Judge Ginger Lerner-Wren with Rebecca A. Eckland, A Court of Refuge: Stories from the Bench of America’s First Mental Health Court (2018).
  2. Josephine Johnston, Erik Parens, and Barbara A. Koenig, eds., The Ethics of Sequencing Newborns: Reflections and Recommendations (2018).
  3. Alisa Roth, Insane: America’s Criminal Treatment of Mental Illness (2018).

IMMIGRATION LAW

  1. Lynn Coyle, Barbara Hines, and Lee Teran; Updated by David Strange and Zelda Vasquez, Basics of Immigration Law for Texas Criminal Defense Attorneys Immigration Consequences of Criminal Conduct an Overview for Criminal Defenders in Texas (2017).

INTERNATIONAL LAW

  1. Mascha Fedorova and Willen-Jan van der Wolf, eds., The United Nations and the Protection of the Rights of Women (2005).
  2. Facundo Alvaredo, Lucas Chancel, Thomas Piketty, Emmanuel Saez, and Gabriel Zucman, eds., World Inequality Report 2018 (2018).

LEGAL EDUCATION

  1. Benedict Carey, How We Learn: The Surprising Truth About When, Where and Why It Happens (2015).
  2. Laurel Currie Oates, Anne Enquist, and Jeremy Francis, The Legal Writing Handbook: Analysis, Research, and Writing (2018).

LEGAL PROFESSION

  1. Dan A. Naranjo, Oral History Interview: Dan A. Naranjo (2018).
  2. David Ray McAtee, Oral History Interview: David Ray McAtee (2018).
  3. Frank Griffith Jones, Oral History Interview: Frank Griffith Jones (2018).
  4. James M. Alsup, Oral History Interview: James M. Alsup (2018).

LEGAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARIES

  1. John B. Nann and Morris L. Cohen, The Yale Law School Guide to Research in American Legal History (2018).

POLITICS

  1. Laurence Tribe and Joshua Matz, To End a Presidency: The Power of Impeachment (2018).

SENTENCING AND PUNISHMENT

  1. Mark Godsey, Blind Injustice: A Former Prosecutor Exposes the Psychology and Politics of Wrongful Convictions (2017).
  2. Bharat Malkani, Slavery and the Death Penalty: A Study in Abolition (2018).

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT LAW

  1. Lucas A. Powe, Jr., America’s Lone Star Constitution: How Supreme Court Cases from Texas Shape the Nation (2018).

If you would like to check out any of these titles, please contact the circulation desk at either 806-742-3957 or circulation.law@ttu.edu.

July 2018 New Books

2018 July new books 2

In July 2018, the Law Library added the following new titles to the collection to support the research and curricular needs of our faculty and students:

CIVIL RIGHTS

  1. Angela J. Hattery and Earl Smith, Policing Black Bodies: How Black Lives Are Surveilled and How to Work for Change (2018).
  2. Khiara M. Bridges, The Poverty of Privacy Rights (2017).

COMMERCIAL LAW

  1. DOJ Civil Antitrust Practice and Procedure Manual (2018).

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

  1. Martin H. Redish, Judicial Independence and the American Constitution: A Democratic Paradox (2017).
  2. Samantha Barbas, Newsworthy: The Supreme Court Battle Over Privacy and Press Freedom (2017).

CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE

  1. Lakhdar Boumediene and Mustafa Ait Idir, with Daniel Hartnett Norland, Jeffrey Rose and Kathleen List, Witnesses of the Unseen: Seven Years in Guantanamo (2017).

ECONOMICS

  1. Kaushik Basu, The Republic of Beliefs: A New Approach to Law and Economics (2018).

ELECTIONS AND VOTING

  1. Jesse H. Rhodes, Ballot Blocked: The Political Erosion of the Voting Rights Act (2017).

EMPLOYMENT PRACTICE

  1. Sarah Cote Hampson, The Balance Gap: Working Mothers and the Limits of the Law (2017).

ESTATES AND TRUSTS

  1. L. Rush Hunt and Lara Rae Hunt, A Lawyer’s Guide to Estate Planning: Fundamentals for the Legal Practitioner (2018).

FAMILY LAW

  1. Daniel J. Hynan, Parenting Plans: Meeting the Challenges With Facts and Analysis (2018).

IMMIGRATION LAW

  1. Leo R. Chavez, Anchor Babies and the Challenge of Birthright Citizenship (2017).

INDIAN AND ABORIGINAL LAW

  1. Julie Koppel Maldonado, Benedict Colombi, and Rajul Pandya, editors, Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples in the United States: Impacts, Experiences and Actions (2014).

LEGAL EDUCATION

  1. Riaz Tejani, Law Mart: Justice, Access, and For-Profit Law Schools (2017).

LEGAL HISTORY

  1. Stanton D. Krauss, ed., Gentlemen of the Grand Jury: The Surviving Grand Jury Charges from Colonial, State, and Lower Federal Courts Before 1801 (2012).

LEGAL PHILOSOPHY

  1. Brian M. McCall, The Architecture of Law: Rebuilding Law in the Classical Tradition (2018).
  2. Geoffroy de Lagasnerie, Judge & Punish: The Penal State on Trial (2018).

LEGAL PROFESSION

  1. Jay M. Feinman, Law 101: Everything You Need to Know About American Law (2018).
  2. Alan L. Dworsky, The Little Book on Oral Argument (2018).

LEGAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARIES

  1. Ashley Krenelka Chase, ed., Millennial Leadership in Libraries (2018).
  2. Bryan A. Garner with Jeff Newman, and Tiger Jackson, The Redbook: A Manual on Legal Style (2018).

POLITICS

  1. Keith J. Bybee, How Civility Works (2016).
  2. Mark Fenster, The Transparency Fix: Secrets, Leaks, and Uncontrollable Government Information (2017).

PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

  1. Robert U. Sattin, ed., Filling in the Blanks: Practical Skills for the Working Lawyer (2016).

TAXATION—FEDERAL

  1. Jack Zuckerman, The 1040 Handbook: A Guide to Income and Asset Discovery: Includes Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (2018).

All of these books are available from the Law Library.  If you would like to check out any of these titles, please contact the circulation desk at either 806-742-3957 or circulation.law@ttu.edu.

June 2018 New Books

2018 June covers

In June 2018, the Law Library added the following new titles to the collection to support the research and curricular needs of our faculty and students.

AGRICULTURE LAW

  1. Thomas L. Daniels and John C. Keene, The Law of Agricultural Land Preservation in the United States (2018).

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, GENERALLY

  1. Dwight T. Pitcaithley, ed., The U.S. Constitution & Secession: A Documentary Anthology of Slavery and White Supremacy (2018).

CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE

  1. Andrea D. Lyon, The Feminine Sixth: Women for the Defense (2018).

LEGAL EDUCATION

  1. Edmund J. Hansen, Idea-Based Learning: A Course Design Process to Promote Conceptual Understanding (2011).
  2. The Chronicle of Higher Education Inc., New to College Teaching: Everything New Instructors Need to Know to be Successful (2018).
  3. The Chronicle of Higher Education Inc., New to Tenure: Everything Those Newly Tenured Need to Know to be Successful (2018).
  4. The Chronicle of Higher Education Inc., New to the Administration: Everything New Administrators Need to Know to be Successful (2018).
  5. The Chronicle of Higher Education Inc., New to the Faculty: Everything New Professors Need to Know to be Successful: Starter Kit (2018).
  6. Jennifer R. Duffy, et. al., The Performance of Repeat Test Takers on the Law School Admission Test: 1994-1995 through 2000-2001 Testing Years (2001).
  7. Angelo J. Letizia, Using Servant Leadership: How to Reframe the Core Functions of Higher Education (2018).

LEGAL HISTORY

  1. Anthony Page and Wilfrid Prest, eds., Blackstone and His Critics (2018).

LEGAL PROFESSION

  1. Alex Davies, AI in Application: An In-depth Examination from the Legal Profession (2018).

LEGAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARIES

  1. American Association of Law Libraries, AALL Guide to Fair Business Practices for Legal Publishers (2007).
  2. Francisco A. Avalos, compiler, Avalos Legal Glossary/Dictionary Translator and Other Related Fields of Study: English/Spanish Spanish/English (2018).

MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE

  1. A. James Cuticchia, Genetics: A Handbook for Lawyers (2018).

OBSCENITY LAW

  1. Amy Beth Werbel, Lust on Trial: Censorship and the Rise of American Obscenity in the Age of Anthony Comstock (2018).

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

  1. William E. Nelson, Marbury v. Madison: The Origins and Legacy of Judicial Review (2018).

All of these books are available in the Law Library.  If you would like to check out any of these titles, please contact the circulation desk at either 806-742-3957 or circulation.law@ttu.edu.

March 2018 New Books

2018 March new books

In March 2018, the Law Library added the following new titles to the collection to support the research and curricular needs of our faculty and students.

CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE

  1. Radley Balko and Tucker Carrington, The Cadaver King and the Country Dentist: A True Story of Injustice in the American South (2018).

EMPLOYMENT PRACTICE

  1. Stephen Martin Kohn, The New Whistleblower’s Handbook: A Step-by-Step Guide to Doing What’s Right and Protecting Yourself (2017).

ENERGY AND UTILITIES LAW

  1. Ruven Fleming, Shale Gas, the Environment and Energy Security: A New Framework for Energy Regulation (2017).

HEALTH LAW AND POLICY

  1. Irwin W. Sherman, The Power of Plagues (2017).

INFORMATION PRIVACY

  1. Lothar Determann, Determann’s Field Guide to Data Privacy Law: International Corporate Compliance (2017).

INTERNATIONAL LAW

  1. Victoria J. Szymczak, Charting the Legal Systems of the Western Pacific Islands: A Legal Research Guide (2017).
  2. Jim Freedman, A Conviction in Question: The First Trial at the International Criminal Court (2017).

LEGAL EDUCATION

  1. Roy Stuckey, Best Practices for Legal Education: A Vision and a Road Map (2007).

LEGAL PROFESSION

  1. Mark Robertson and J. Harris Morgan, How to Draft Bills Clients Rush to Pay (2018).
  2. Douglas Hand, The Laws of Style: Sartorial Excellence for the Professional Gentleman (2018).
  3. Neil W. Hamilton, Roadmap: The Law Student’s Guide to Meaningful Employment (2018).

LEGAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARIES

  1. Frans L. Leeuw with Hans Schmeets, Empirical Legal Research: A Guidance Book for Lawyers, Legislators and Regulators (2016).
  2. Heidi Frostestad Kuehl and Megan A. O’Brien, International Legal Research in a Global Community (2017).
  3. Lauren M. Collins, Veterans Benefits: A Legal Research Guide (2017).

POLITICS

  1. Steven M. Gillon, Separate and Unequal: The Kerner Commission and the Unraveling of American Liberalism (2018).

PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

  1. Thomas M. Melsheimer and Judge Craig Smith, On the Jury Trial: Principles and Practices for Effective Advocacy (2017).
  2. Richard K. Neumann, Transactional Lawyering Skills: Client Interviewing, Counseling, and Negotiation (2013).

PROPERTY–PERSONAL AND REAL

  1. Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz, The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy (2016).

PSYCHOLOGY

  1. David Emerald, The Power of TED: The Empowerment Dynamic (2016).

RELIGION

  1. Nicolas Howe, Landscapes of the Secular: Law, Religion, and American Sacred Space (2016).
  2. Nelson Tebbe, Religious Freedom in an Egalitarian Age (2017).

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

  1. Joel Richard Paul, Without Precedent: John Marshall and His Times (2018).

All of these books are available from the Law Library.  If you would like to check out any of these titles, please contact the circulation desk at either 806-742-3957 or circulation.law@ttu.edu.  Library staff will be able to assist in locating and checking out any of these items.

February 2018 New Books

2018 February new books

In February 2018, the Law Library added the following new titles to the collection to support the research and curricular needs of our faculty and students.

CIVIL PROCEDURE

  1. Erichson, Howard M., Inside Civil Procedure: What Matters and Why (2018).

COMMERCIAL LAW

  1. Morse, Edward A., ed., Electronic Payment Systems: Law and Emerging Technologies (2018).

COMPARATIVE AND FOREIGN LAW

  1. Bali, Asli U., Constitution Writing, Religion and Democracy (2017).

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, GENERALLY

  1. West, Thomas G., The Political Theory of the American Founding: Natural Rights, Public Policy, and the Moral Conditions of Freedom (2017).

CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE

  1. Miller, T. Christian and Ken Armstrong, A False Report: A True Story of Rape in America (2018).
  1. Goluboff, Risa Lauren, Vagrant Nation: Police Power, Constitutional Change, and the Making of the 1960s (2016).
  2. Lawlor, Bruce M., When Deadly Force is Involved: A Look at the Legal Side of Stand Your Ground, Duty to Retreat, and Other Questions of Self-Defense (2017).

DISPUTE RESOLUTION

  1. Knolton, Cristina C. and H. Nyree Gray, Win or Go Home: A Guide to Negotiation Success in Competition and in Life (2017).

ECONOMICS

  1. Hien, Josef and Christian Joerges, eds., Ordoliberalism, Law and the Rule of Economics (2017).

ELDER LAW

  1. Frolik, Lawrence A., Elder Law and Later-Life Legal Planning (2017).
  2. Frolik, Lawrence A., The Law of Later-Life Healthcare and Decision Making (2018).

ENERGY AND UTILITIES LAW

  1. Bouthillier, Yves Le ed., et. al., Law and Policy of Biofuels (2017).

EVIDENCE

  1. Miller, Jim, ed., From the Trenches II: Mastering the Art of Preparing Witnesses (2017).

HOUSING LAW

  1. Rothstein, Richard, The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America (2017).

JUVENILES

  1. Kendall, Virginia M. and T. Markus Funk, Child Exploitation and Trafficking: Examining Global Enforcement and Supply Chain Challenges, and U.S. Responses (2017).

LEGAL ANALYSIS AND WRITING

  1. Kletzer, Christoph, The Idea of a Pure Theory of Law (2018).

LEGAL EDUCATION

  1. Edwards, Linda Holdeman, The Doctrine-Skills Divide: Legal Education’s Self-Inflicted Wound (2017).
  2. Grant, Emily, Sandra Simpson, and Kelly Terry, eds., Experiential Education in the Law School Curriculum (2018).
  3. Hay, Iain, How to be an Academic Superhero: Establishing and Sustaining a Successful Career in the Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities (2017).
  4. Townsend, Keith and Mark N.K. Saunders, How to Keep Your Research Project on Track : Insights from When Things Go Wrong (2018).
  5. Moosa, Imad A., Publish or Perish: Perceived Benefits Versus Unintended Consequences (2018).
  6. McGuire, Saundra Yancy with Stephanie McGuire, Teach Students How to Learn: Strategies You Can Incorporate into any Course to Improve Student Metacognition, Study Skills, and Motivation (2015).

LEGAL PROFESSION

  1. Rhodes, Jill D. and Robert S. Litt, eds., The ABA Cybersecurity Handbook: A Resource for Attorneys, Law Firms, and Business Professionals (2018).
  2. Cuban, Brian, The Addicted Lawyer: Tales of the Bar, Booze, Blow, and Redemption (2017).
  3. Healy, Shawn and Jeffrey Fortgang, The Full Weight of the Law: How Legal Professionals Can Recognize and Rebound from Depression (2017).
  4. Box, John P., The Millennial Lawyer: How Your Firm Can Motivate and Retain Young Associates (2018).
  5. Silver, Marjorie A., Transforming Justice, Lawyers and the Practice of Law (2017).
  6. Siegel, Daniel J. and Pamela A. Myers, The Ultimate Guide to Adobe Acrobat DC (2017).

LEGAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARIES

  1. Lewis, David W., Reimagining the Academic Library (2016).

MILITARY, WAR, AND PEACE

  1. Ohlin, Jens David, Research Handbook on Remote Warfare (2017).

PHILOSOPHY

  1. Bratman, Michael, Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together (2014).

POLITICS

  1. Tsai, Robert L., America’s Forgotten Constitutions: Defiant Visions of Power and Community (2014).
  2. Chinn, Stuart, Recalibrating Reform: The Limits of Political Change (2014).
  3. Bookheim, Louis W., et.al., Reports of U.S. Presidential Commissions and Other Advisory Bodies: A Bibliographic Listing (2017).

RELIGION

  1. Kilcrease, Bethany, The Great Church Crisis and the End of English Erastianism, 1898-1906 (2017).

SENTENCING AND PUNISHMENT

  1. Bessler, John D., The Death Penalty as Torture: From the Dark Ages to Abolition (2017).

SOCIOLOGY

  1. Beard, Mary, Women & Power: A Manifesto (2017).

TRIAL PRACTICE

  1. Bender, Daniel J., R. Jason Fowler, and Pierre E. Kressmann, Demonstratives: Definitive Treatise on Visual Persuasion (2017).

WATER LAW

  1. Fleck, John, Water is for Fighting Over: And Other Myths About Water in the West (2016).
  2. Hollo, Erkki J., Water Resource Management and the Law (2017).

All of these books are available from the Law Library.  If you would like to check out any of these titles, please contact the circulation desk at either 806-742-3957 or circulation.law@ttu.edu.

January 2018 New Books

2018 Jan new books

In January 2018, the Law Library added the following new titles to the collection to support the research and curricular needs of our faculty and students.

AIR AND SPACE LAW

  1. Md Tanveer Ahmad and Jinyuan Su, eds., NewSpace Commercialisation and the Law (2017).

BIOGRAPHY

  1. Jon O. Newman, Benched: Abortion, Terrorists, Drones, Crooks, Supreme Court, Kennedy, Nixon, Demi Moore, and other Tales from the Life of a Federal Judge (2017).
  2. Bennett L. Gershman, Prosecution Stories (2017).
  3. Michael Meltsner, With Passion: An Activist Lawyer’s Journey (2017).

CIVIL RIGHTS, GENERALLY

  1. Douglas W. Lind, Dred Scott v. Sandford: Opinions and Contemporary Commentary (2017).

COMPARATIVE AND FOREIGN LAW

  1. Manuel Gomez and Rogelio Perez-Perdomo, Big Law in Latin America and Spain. Globalization and Adjustments in the Provision of High-End Legal Services (2018).
  2. Francisco A. Avalos, Legal History of Mexico: From the Era of Exploration of the New World to the Present (2017).

CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE

  1. Raneta Lawson Mack, Comparative Criminal Procedure: History, Processes and Case Studies (2017).
  2. Eugene G. Wanger, The Eugene G. Wanger and Marilyn M. Wanger Death Penalty Collection: A Descriptive Bibliography (2017).

HEALTH LAW AND POLICY

  1. Michelle Oberman, Her Body, Our Laws: On the Front Lines of the Abortion War, from El Salvador to Oklahoma (2018).

LEGAL PROFESSION

  1. Anne Brafford, Positive Professionals: Creating High-Performing Profitable Firms through the Science of Engagement (2017).
  2. John Grisham, The Rooster Bar (2017).

LEGAL RESEARCH AND LIBRARIES

  1. Amy R. Stein, Do English-Only Rules have a Place in the Workplace?: A Legal Research Guide (2017).
  2. Werner Sabo, Legal Guide to AIA Documents (2018).
  3. Carol A. Fichtelman, Prisoners’ Rights: A Legal Research Guide (2017).
  4. Robert H. Hu, Research Guide to Chinese Copyright Law (2016).

NATURAL RESOURCES LAW

  1. Bernard F. Clark, Jr., Oil Capital: The History of American Oil, Wildcatters, Independents and their Bankers (2016).

RELIGION

  1. Kent Greenawalt, When Free Exercise and Nonestablishment Conflict (2017).

SENTENCING AND PUNISHMENT

  1. Anthony Graves, Infinite Hope: How Wrongful Conviction, Solitary Confinement, and 12 Years on Death Row Failed to Kill My Soul (2018).

TRIAL PRACTICE

  1. David Ball and Joshua Karton, Theater for Trial Incorporating the Fourth Edition of Theatre Tips and Strategies for Jury Trials (2017).

All of these books are available from the Law Library.  If you would like to check out any of these titles, please contact the circulation desk at either 806-742-3957 or circulation.law@ttu.edu.  Library staff will be able to assist in locating and checking out any of these items.